Reliability centered maintenance was a concept first developed post-WWII. It evolved from the aviation industry, having first used in Boeing 747.
The Department of Defense and the FAA adopted it soon after. They used it for transport and military aircraft.
Today, any facility can use RCM for its assets. It’s a strategy you can optimize for the needs of your equipment and organization.
How does it work? Keep on reading to learn more about reliability centered management and how to implement it.
What Is Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM)?
Reliability centered maintenance is a strategy to optimize the maintenance program of a company. It considers every asset in the facility to find the best management style.
RCM does maintenance tasks using efficient and cost-effective ways. Companies use this strategy to achieve an acceptable level of operability and level of risk.
However, it goes beyond preventive maintenance. A fleet manager, for example, may prefer the RCM approach to ensure trucks operate smoothly.
Some of its values might not apply to a truck fleet. Still, the core philosophy is the same. With fleet management and RCM software, this strategy can significantly decrease downtime.
Principles Of RCM
Reliability centered maintenance focuses on preserving the function instead of the equipment. It revolves around improving the safety and reliability of the assets.
It has four key objectives:
- Preserve system function
- Identify failure modes potentially affecting the system function
- Prioritize failure modes based on the risks
- Perform the most effective and cost-efficient tasks for controlling failure modes
RCM recognizes how assets require various styles. A piece of industrial equipment, for example, may need preventive maintenance, high-tech monitoring, and a run-to-failure model all at once for different parts.
How To Implement RCM
Before you implement this strategy, you need to perform an RCM analysis. It involves identifying the following:
- The assets’ functions and standards of performance
- Ways it can fail to perform
- Causes of failure
- Effects of failure
- Ways each failure matters
- Tasks for preventing or predicting the failure
- Alternatives in the lack of suitable tasks
In RCM, you have to identify all these for every piece of asset. Based on your findings, you can determine the best maintenance plan for each one.
Remember that reliability centered maintenance is an ongoing process. Review your decisions and analysis as your business goals and failure histories change. Consider the asset lifespan since it might develop different needs as it gets older.
Consider Adopting RCM Today
Reliability centered maintenance relies on knowing your assets to develop a proper plan. It includes their failure and repairs history. It uses different styles, so you’re not constrained.
What are your next steps in implementing RCM for your facility? It can be a time-consuming process, so make sure you have the support of every personnel.
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